The Democratic Republic of the Congo, often referred to as DR Congo, DRC or RDC, is the third largest country by area in Africa. Though it is located in the Central African UN subregion, the nation is economically and regionally affiliated with Southern Africa as a member of the Southern African Development Community (SADC). It borders the Central African Republic and Sudan on the north, Uganda, Rwanda, and Burundi on the east, Zambia and Angola on the south, the Republic of the Congo on the west, and is separated from Tanzania by Lake Tanganyika on the east. The country enjoys access to the ocean through a 40 kilometre (25 mile) stretch of Atlantic coastline at Muanda and the roughly nine-kilometre wide mouth of the Congo river which opens into the Gulf of Guinea. The name "Congo" (meaning "hunter") is coined after the Bakongo ethnic group who live in the Congo river basin.
The Movement for the Liberation of Congo (French: Mouvement pour la Liberation du Congo) is a political party in Democratic Republic of the Congo. It was a rebel group operating in the Democratic Republic of Congo that fought the government throughout the Second Congo War. It subsequently took part in the transitional government and is now the main opposition party. It is often referred to by its original French name Mouvement de Libération du Congo and sometimes Mouvement de Libération Congolais.
The National Congress for the Defence of the People (French acronym CNDP) is the rebel government established by Laurent Nkunda in the Kivu region of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. CNDP is currently engaged the Kivu conflict, an armed conflict against the military of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
In August 2007, the military of the Democratic Republic of the Congo announced that it was ending a seven-month offensive against the Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda (FDLR), prompting a sharp rebuke by the government of Rwanda. FDLR was the primary "anti-Rwanda" rebel group during the latter part of the Second Congo War. It continues to operate, mostly within the eastern region of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. It is composed almost entirely of ethnic Hutus opposed to Tutsi rule and influence in the region. Prior to the August 2007 ceasfire, Gen. Laurent Nkunda had split from the government, taking Banyamulenge (ethnic Tutsis in the DRC) soldiers from the former Rally for Congolese Democracy and assaulting FDLR positions, displacing a further 160,000 people.
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