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The Military of the Netherlands is composed of four branches, all of which carry the prefix Koninklijke (Royal):
- Koninklijke Landmacht (KL) - the Royal Netherlands Army.
- Koninklijke Marine (KM) - the Royal Netherlands Navy, including the Marine-Luchtvaartdienst (Naval Air Service) and Korps Mariniers (Marine Corps).
- Koninklijke Luchtmacht (KLu) - the Royal Netherlands Air Force.
- Koninklijke Marechaussee (KMar) - the Royal Military Police, tasks include military police and some civil police duties.
The Netherlands military relied upon compulsary military service throughout the Cold War. The percentage would rise significantly on mobilization with the recall of thousands of conscript-trained reservists. All males over age 18 were eligible for conscription (dienstplicht). The term of service was 14-18 months, depending on specialization. Deferrment was possible, due to study, for example. Conscientious objectors could perform an alternative civilian service instead of military service.
Dutch military culture Edit
As a mirror of Dutch society in general, the conscript military seemed, in the eyes of many forgien observers, to have relaxed and liberal standards. In 1966, the Association of Conscript Military (Vereniging Van Dienstplichtige Militairen) was formed as a "soldier trade union" to give a voice for conscripts that was independent of military or political control. Throughout the 1970s, 80s, and 90s it was common to see conscript soldiers with long hair that would be considered "unmilitary" in other nation's armies.
Order of Battle Edit
- From NATO Vehicle Guide (GDW 0526)
The following order of battle is as of 1 July 2000.
I NETHERLANDS CORPS
- Corps Troops
- 11th Mechanized Brigade
- 12th Mechanized Brigade
- 13th Armored Brigade
- 102nd Field Artillery Group
- 41st Mechanized Brigade
- 42nd Mechanized Brigade
- 43rd Mechanized Brigade
- 103rd Field Artillery Group
- 51st Armored Brigade
- 52nd Mechanized Brigade
- 53rd Mechanized Brigade
- 104th Field Artillery Group
- Royal Netherlands Marines
- Mobile Command
- AIFV armored infantry fighting vehicle -- Dutch development of the US M113
- DAF YA-4442 medium truck
- Leopard 2 main battle tank
- Leopard 1 armored bridgelayer
- Leopard 1 armored engineer vehicle
- Mercedes-Benz G-Wagen -- typically, W461 290GD and 290GDT models.
- Mercedes-Benz UNIMOG