The Republic of the Congo is located in the western part of Central Africa. Situated on the Equator, it is bordered by the Angola exclave of Cabinda to the south (201 km), the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the south and east (2,410 km), the Central African Republic (467 km) and Cameroon (523 km) to the north and Gabon to the west (1,903 km). Congo has a 169 km long Atlantic coast with several important ports. The Republic of the Congo covers an area of 342,000 km², of which 341,500 km² is land while 500 km² is water. Congo claims 200 nautical miles (370 km) of territorial sea.
Brazzaville is the capital and largest city of the Republic of the Congo and is located on the Congo River, across from Kinshasa, capital of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Together with Kinshasa, the combined conurbation of Kinshasa-Brazzaville has nearly 900,000 inhabitants, after the troubles.
Brazzaville was founded in 1880 on the site of a village named Nkuna by an Italian born French explorer, Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza, after whom the city was named. Over a third of the population of the Republic of Congo lives in the capital, and it is home to 40% of non-agricultural employment. It is also a financial and administrative capital.
The capital of the Republic of the Congo is Brazzaville, located on the Congo river immediately With a metropolitan population of approximately 1.5 million, Brazzaville is by far the largest city in the Republic, having almost thrice the population of Pointe-Noire (663,400 as of the 2005 census), the country's second largest city. About 70% of the population lives in Brazzaville, Pointe-Noire, or along the railroad between them.