The Soviet Union also known as the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), The acronym in Russian is Союз Советских Социалистических Республик(СССР), is traditionally considered to be the successor of the Russian Empire and of its short-lived successor Provisional Government under Georgy Yevgenyevich Lvov and then Alexander Kerensky. The last Russian Tsar, Nicholas II, ruled until March, 1917 when the Empire was overthrown and a short-lived Russian provisional government took power, the latter to be overthrown in November 1917 by Vladimir Lenin. From 1917 to 1922, the predecessor to the Soviet Union was the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (RSFSR), which was an independent country as well as other Soviet republics at the time. The Soviet Union was officially established in December 1922 as the union of the Russian (colloquially known as Bolshevist Russia), Ukrainian, Belarusian, and Transcaucasian Soviet republics ruled by Bolshevik parties.
- Main article: Russian Federation
After the colapse of the Soviet Union, the Russian Federation was in tourmoil for several years until the price of fossial fuels sky-rocketed. The resource rich Russian Federation begain flexing its musscle as revenues grew.