UH-60 Black Hawk
Black hawk
UH-60 Black Hawk helicopter.
Role Utility helicopter
Manufacturer Sikorsky Aircraft Corporation
First flight 29 November 1974
Introduced 1979
Status Active service
Primary users United States Army
Australian Army
Republic of Korea Army
Turkish Armed Forces
Produced 1974-present
Template:Nowrap 2,600+
Template:Nowrap US$5.9 million
Variants SH-60 Seahawk
HH-60 Pave Hawk
HH-60 Jayhawk
Sikorsky S-70

The UH-60 Black Hawk is a four-bladed, twin-engine, medium-lift utility helicopter manufactured by Sikorsky Aircraft. Sikorsky submitted the S-70 design for the United States Army's Utility Tactical Transport Aircraft System (UTTAS) competition in 1972. The Army designated the prototype as the YUH-60A and selected the Black Hawk as the winner of the program in 1976, after a fly-off competition with the Boeing Vertol YUH-61. The UH-60A entered service with the Army in 1979, to replace the UH-1 Iroquois as the Army's tactical transport helicopter.


In the late 1960s, the United States Army began forming requirements in for its Utility Tactical Transport Aircraft System (UTTAS) helicopter to replace the UH-1 Iroquois based on experience in Vietnam. The Army also initiated the development of a new turbine engine for its helicopters that would become the General Electric T700. The Army required significant performance, survivability and reliability improvements from both UTTAS aircraft and powerplant.[1] The Army released its UTTAS requests for proposals (RFP) in January 1972.[2] Four prototypes were constructed, the first (YUH-60) flying in October 1974, and evaluated against a rival Boeing-Vertol design, the YUH-61A. Prior to delivery of the prototypes to the US Army, a preliminary evaluation was conducted in November 1975 to ensure the aircraft could be operated safely during all testing.[3] Three of the prototypes were delivered to the Army in March 1976, and one was kept by Sikorsky for internal research. The Black Hawk was selected for production in December 1976. Deliveries of the UH-60A to the US Army began in October 1978 and the helicopter entered service in June 1979.[4]

In the late 1980s, the model was upgraded to the UH-60L (first production aircraft 89-26179) which featured more power and lift with the upgrade to the -701C model of the GE engine.

The current production model (UH-60M) will extend the service life of the UH-60 design well into the 2020s, features still more power and lift and state of the art electronic instrumentation, flight controls and aircraft navigation control.


The Black Hawk helicopter series can perform a wide array of missions, including the tactical transport of troops, electronic warfare, and aeromedical evacuation. A VIP version known as the VH-60N is used to transport important government officials (e.g., Congress, Executive departments) with the helicopter's call sign of "Marine One" when transporting the President of the United States.[5] In air assault operations it can move a squad of 11 combat troops with equipment or reposition the 105 mm M102 howitzer with thirty rounds of 105 mm ammunition, and a four-man crew in a single lift. Alternatively, it can carry 2,600 lb (1,170 kg) of cargo or sling load 9,000 lb (4,050 kg) of cargo.[6] The Black Hawk is equipped with advanced avionics and electronics for increased survivability and capability, such as the Global Positioning System.

The UH-60 can be equipped with stub wings at top of fuselage to carry fuel tanks or possibly armament. The initial stub wing system is called external stores support system (ESSS). It has two pylons on each wing to carry two 230 gal and two 450 gal tanks in total. The ESSS can also carry 10,000 lb of armament such as rockets, missile and gun pods. The ESSS entered service in 1986. However it was found that with four fuel tanks it would obstruct the firing field of the door guns. To alleviate the issue, the external tank system (ETS) with unswept stub wings to carry two fuel tanks was developed.[7]

The unit cost varies with the version due to the varying specifications, equipment and quantities. For example, the unit cost of the Army's UH-60L Black Hawk is $5.9 million while the unit cost of the Air Force MH-60G Pave Hawk is $10.2 million.[8]



The UH-60 comes in many variants, and many different modifications. The U.S. Army variants can be fitted with the stub wings to carry additional fuel tanks or weapons.[7] Variants may have different capabilities and their respective equipment in order to fulfill different roles.

Utility variantsEdit

  • UH-60A Black Hawk: Original U.S. Army version, carrying a crew of four[9] and up to 11 passengers. Equipped with T-700-GE-700 engines.[10] Produced 1977-1989.
  • UH-60C Black Hawk: Modified version for C2 missions.[10]
  • UH-60L Black Hawk: UH-60A with upgraded T-700-GE-701C engines,[10] improved durability gearbox, and additional vibration absorbers.[1] Produced 1989-2007.
  • UH-60M Black Hawk: Improved design wide chord rotor blades, T-700-GE-701D Engines (max 1,998 shp each), improved durability gearbox, Integrated Vehicle Management Systems (IVHMS) computer, and modern "Glass Cockpit" flight instrument suite. Planned to replace all UH-60A aircraft within the U.S. Army.[2] Produced 2007-present.
  • UH-60Q Black Hawk: UH-60A modified for medical evacuation. Aircraft since re-designated HH-60A.[10]

Special purposeEdit

  • EH-60A Black Hawk: Modified electrical system and stations for two electronic systems mission operators. (All examples of type have been taken back to standard UH-60A configuration.)[10]
  • YEH-60B Black Hawk: UH-60A modified for special radar and avionics installations, prototype for stand-off target acquisition system.[10]
  • EH-60C Black Hawk: UH-60A modified with special electronics equipment and external antenna.[10] (All examples of type have been taken back to standard UH-60A configuration.)
  • EUH-60L (no official name assigned): Modified with additional mission electronic equipment for Army Airborne C2.[10]
  • EH-60L Black Hawk: EH-60A with major mission equipment upgrade.[10]
  • HH-60L (no official name assigned): USA variant. UH-60L extensively modified with medical mission equipment.[10] Components include an external rescue hoist, integrated patient configuration system, environmental control system, on-board oxygen system (OBOGS), suction, mechanical litter-lift system, drop-down ambulatory seats, with crew-chief and flight medic positions relocated to the back of the cabin.[3]
  • MH-60A Black Hawk: Modified with additional avionics, precision navigation system, FLIR and air-to-air refueling capability. Equipped with T-700-GE-701 engines.[10]
  • MH-60K Black Hawk: USA variant. Special operations modification, used by the 160th Special Operations Aviation Regiment ("Night Stalkers") at Fort Campbell, Kentucky.
  • MH-60L Direct Action Penetrator (DAP): USA variant. Special operations modification, operated by the 160th Special Operations Aviation Regiment.[11] It is capable of being armed with 30 mm chain gun and 2.75 inch rockets, as well as M134D gatling guns operated as door guns or fixed forward.
  • HH-60M {no official name assigned}: USA variant. UH-60M with medical mission equipment.[10]
  • UH-60A RASCAL: NASA-modified version for the Rotorcraft-Aircrew Systems Concepts Airborne Laboratory: $US25M program for the study of helicopter maneuverability in three programs, Superaugmented Controls for Agile Maneuvering Performance (SCAMP), Automated Nap-of-the-Earth (ANOE) and Rotorcraft Agility and Pilotage Improvement Demonstration (RAPID).[12][13]
  • VH-60D Nighthawk: USMC variant. VIP-configured HH-60D, used for Presidential transport. T-700-GE-401C engines.[10]
  • VH-60N Whitehawk: USMC variant. Modified UH-60A with features from the SH-60B/F Seahawks. Used for Presidential and VIP transport. It entered service in 1988 and nine were delivered.[14]

Export versionsEdit

  • UH-60J Black Hawk: Export variant for the Japanese Air Self Defense Force and Maritime Self Defense Force. Also known as the S-70-12. Made under license by Mitsubishi Heavy Industries.[15]
  • UH-60JA Black Hawk: Export variant for the Japanese Ground Self Defense Force. Also made under license by Mitsubishi Heavy Industries.[15]
  • AH-60L Arpía III: Export version for Colombia, COIN attack version with improved electronics, firing system, FLIR, radar, light rockets and machine gun, developed by the Colombian Air Force, Elbit and Sikorsky.
  • AH-60L Battle Hawk: Export version unsuccessfully tendered for Australian Army project AIR87.
  • UH-60P Black Hawk: Export version for the Republic of Korea, similar to UH-60L configuration.[10]

See SH-60 Seahawk, HH-60 Pave Hawk, and HH-60 Jayhawk for other Sikorsky S-70 variants.

Specifications (UH-60L)Edit


Data from Encyclopedia of Modern Warplanes,[16] US Army Fact File,[17] Frawley[18]

General characteristics
  • Crew: 2 pilots (flight crew)
  • Capacity: 2,640 lb of cargo internally, including 14 troops or 6 stretchers, or 8,000 lb (UH-60A) or 9,000 lb (UH-60L) of cargo externally
  • Length: 64 ft 10 in (19.76 m)
  • Rotor diameter: 53 ft 8 in (16.36 m)
  • Height: 16 ft 10 in (5.13 m)
  • Disc area: 2,260 ft² (210 m²)
  • Empty weight: 10,624 lb (4,819 kg)
  • Loaded weight: 22,000 lb (9,980 kg)
  • Max takeoff weight: 23,500 lb (10,660 kg)
  • Powerplant:General Electric T700-GE-701C free-turbine turboshafts, 1,800 hp (1,340 kW) each



Game StatsEdit

3rd Edition StatsEdit

The following stats are fan created, I am testing them out in my campaign. If you find any playability issues feel free to change them.
UH-60 Black Hawk
Barter Value: Street Price:
Configuration: Helicopter
Suspension: N/A
Crew: 3 (pilot, co-pilot, crew chief)+11
Cargo: *2,640 lb of cargo internally, including 11 troops or 6 stretchers, or 8,000 lb (UH-60A) or 9,000 lb (UH-60L) of cargo externally
Weight: 4,819 kg
Travel Speed: 278 km/hr
Combat Speed: 295 km/h m
Fuel: 1,362 L (AvGas)
Fuel Cons: 544 L/hr
Maintenance: 12
Armor: HF: 8, HS:6, HR: 6; TF: 5, TS: 5, TR: 5; Suspension: N/A
  Armament: ; ; .
  Ammo: ; ; .
  Communications: Military Radio; .
  Sensors: ; ; .
  Aux: .



  1. Leoni 2007, pp. 8-10.
  2. Leoni 2007, pp. 11, 39.
  3. Leoni p. 165.
  4. Eden, Paul. "Sikorsky H-60 Black Hawk/Seahawk", Encyclopedia of Modern Military Aircraft. Amber Books, 2004. ISBN 1904687849.
  5. VH-60, Global Security
  6. UH-60 Black Hawk Sikorsky S-70A - Multi-Mission Helicopter,
  7. 7.0 7.1 Bishop, Chris. Sikorsky UH-60 Black Hawk. Osprey, 2008. ISBN 978-1-84176852-6.
  8. H-60, Global Security
  9. [Hawk|Black Hawk], U.S. Army Fact Files, <>. Retrieved on Template:Date 
  10. 10.00 10.01 10.02 10.03 10.04 10.05 10.06 10.07 10.08 10.09 10.10 10.11 10.12 10.13 DoD 4120-15L, Model Designation of Military Aerospace Vehicles, DoD, 2004.
  11. 160th's web page
  12. Science Blog, NASA
  13. Image of UH-60A RASCAL first flight (archived from the original on 2006-11-26)
  14. Leoni 2007, pp. 214-215.
  15. 15.0 15.1 Mitsubishi Heavy Industries UH-60J page
  16. 16.0 16.1 Template:Cite book
  17. Black Hawk fact file, US Army.
  18. Frawley, Gerald. The International Directory of Military Aircraft, 2002/2003. Aerospace Publications, 2002. ISBN 1-875671-55-2.
  19. M240H 7.62mm Machine Gun (Aviation Version). U.S. Army PEO Soldier. Retrieved on 2007-04-08.


  • Leoni, Ray D. Black Hawk, The Story of a World Class Helicopter, American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 2007. ISBN 978-1-56347-918-2.

External linksEdit

Nuke This page uses content from Wikipedia. The original article was at UH-60 Black Hawk. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with Twilight 2000 Wiki, the text of Wikipedia is available under the GNU Free Documentation License.
This article may need to be modified to reflect the Twilight 2000 world.

Ad blocker interference detected!

Wikia is a free-to-use site that makes money from advertising. We have a modified experience for viewers using ad blockers

Wikia is not accessible if you’ve made further modifications. Remove the custom ad blocker rule(s) and the page will load as expected.